The failures in intelligence-sharing were attributed to Justice Department policies limiting intelligence sharing, combined with CIA and NSA reluctance in revealing "sensitive sources and methods" such as tapped phones.
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Bin Laden said he had personally directed his followers to attack the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. He was then held at multiple CIA secret prisons and Guantanamo Bay where he was interrogated and tortured with methods including waterboarding. In "Substitution for Testimony of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed" from the trial of Zacarias Moussaoui , five people are identified as having been completely aware of the operation's details.
At the same time, another 17 al-Qaeda members were sentenced to penalties of between six and eleven years. Also in , Moussaoui—who some originally suspected might have been the assigned 20th hijacker—was convicted for the lesser role of conspiracy to commit acts of terrorism and air piracy. He was sentenced to life without parole in the United States.
After the attacks, bin Laden and al-Zawahiri released additional videotapes and audio recordings, some of which repeated those reasons for the attacks. Two particularly important publications were bin Laden's "Letter to America",  and a videotape by bin Laden. Bin Laden interpreted Muhammad as having banned the "permanent presence of infidels in Arabia".
In , al-Qaeda wrote, "for over seven years the United States has been occupying the lands of Islam in the holiest of places, the Arabian Peninsula, plundering its riches, dictating to its rulers, humiliating its people, terrorizing its neighbors, and turning its bases in the Peninsula into a spearhead through which to fight the neighboring Muslim peoples.
In a December interview, bin Laden said he felt that Americans were "too near to Mecca ", and considered this a provocation to the entire Muslim world. In , Bin Laden claimed that the idea of destroying the towers had first occurred to him in , when he witnessed Israel's bombardment of high-rise apartment buildings during the Lebanon War. Other motives have been suggested in addition to those stated by bin Laden and al-Qaeda, including western support of Islamic and non-Islamic authoritarian regimes in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan and northern Africa, and the presence of western troops in some of these countries.
The idea for the attacks came from Khalid Sheikh Mohammed , who first presented it to Osama bin Laden in In late or early , bin Laden gave approval for Mohammed to go forward with organizing the plot. A series of meetings occurred in early , involving Mohammed, bin Laden, and his deputy Mohammed Atef.
Bank Tower in Los Angeles because "there was not enough time to prepare for such an operation". Bin Laden provided leadership and financial support for the plot, and was involved in selecting participants. Hazmi and Mihdhar arrived in the United States in mid-January Hanjour arrived in San Diego on December 8, , joining Hazmi.
In spring of , the secondary hijackers began arriving in the United States. Bin al-Shibh also passed along bin Laden's wish for the attacks to be carried out as soon as possible.
While the agency feared that "Something nefarious might be afoot", it took no further action. While Alec Station alerted intelligence agencies worldwide about this fact, it did not share this information with the FBI. They had specific information about individual terrorists. None of that information got to me or the White House. The CIA never responded. She was not told of the participants' presence in the U. The Intelink database informed her not to share intelligence material on the meeting to criminal investigators.
When shown the photos, the FBI were refused more details on their significance, and also did not receive Mihdhar's date of birth or passport number. Their request to search his laptop was denied by FBI headquarters due to the lack of probable cause. The failures in intelligence-sharing were attributed to Justice Department policies limiting intelligence sharing, combined with CIA and NSA reluctance in revealing "sensitive sources and methods" such as tapped phones.
Media coverage was extensive during the attacks and aftermath, beginning moments after the first crash into the World Trade Center.
Flight 93's target is believed to have been either the Capitol or the White House. Some passengers and crew members who called from the aircraft using the cabin airphone service and mobile phones provided details: Three buildings in the World Trade Center collapsed due to fire-induced structural failure.
Among the unconfirmed and often contradictory news reports aired throughout the day, one of the most prevalent said a car bomb had been detonated at the U. State Department's headquarters in Washington, D. The attacks caused the deaths of 2, people and the injuries of more than 6, others. In Arlington County, Virginia, Pentagon workers lost their lives when Flight 77 crashed into the western side of the building.
Of these, 70 were civilians and 55 were military personnel, many of whom worked for the United States Army or the United States Navy. The Army lost 47 civilian employees, six civilian contractors, and 22 soldiers, while the Navy lost six civilian employees, three civilian contractors, and 33 sailors. The destruction of all three staircases in the tower when Flight 11 hit made it impossible for anyone above the impact zone to escape.
In the South Tower, one stairwell, Stairwell A , was left intact after Flight hit, allowing 14 people located on the floors of impact including one man who saw the plane coming at him and four more from the floors above to escape. New York City operators who received calls from people inside the tower were not well informed of the situation as it rapidly unfolded and as a result, told callers not to descend the tower on their own.
At least people fell or jumped to their deaths from the burning towers as exemplified in the photograph The Falling Man , landing on the streets and rooftops of adjacent buildings hundreds of feet below. Turnstile counts from the Port Authority suggest 14, people were typically in the Twin Towers by 8: Weeks after the attack, the death toll was estimated to be over 6,, more than twice the number of deaths eventually confirmed.
The medical examiner's office collected "about 10, unidentified bone and tissue fragments that cannot be matched to the list of the dead". In , a team of anthropologists and archaeologists searched for human remains and personal items at the Fresh Kills Landfill , where 72 more human remains were recovered, bringing the total found to 1, DNA profiling continues in an attempt to identify additional victims.
In July , a team of scientists at the Office of Chief Medical Examiner was still trying to identify remains, in the hope that improved technology will allow them to identify other victims. Along with the floor Twin Towers , numerous other buildings at the World Trade Center site were destroyed or badly damaged, including WTC buildings 3 through 7 and St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church. The Deutsche Bank Building on Liberty Street was partially damaged and demolished some years later, starting in The Deutsche Bank Building across Liberty Street from the World Trade Center complex was later condemned as uninhabitable because of toxic conditions inside the office tower, and was deconstructed.
As a result, the entire station was demolished completely when the towers collapsed, and the tunnels leading to Exchange Place station in Jersey City, New Jersey were flooded with water. The Pentagon was severely damaged by the impact of American Airlines Flight 77 and ensuing fires, causing one section of the building to collapse. The front part of the fuselage disintegrated on impact, while the mid and tail sections kept moving for another fraction of a second. Their efforts were supplemented by numerous off-duty firefighters and emergency medical technicians.
After the first tower collapsed, FDNY commanders issued evacuation warnings. Due to technical difficulties with malfunctioning radio repeater systems, many firefighters never heard the evacuation orders.
After months of around-the-clock operations, the World Trade Center site was cleared by the end of May These instructions were not relayed in time for the fighters to take action. For the first time in U. Canada received of the diverted flights and launched Operation Yellow Ribbon to deal with the large numbers of grounded planes and stranded passengers.
The deaths of adults in the attacks resulted in over 3, children losing a parent. Following the attacks, President George W. Many relief funds were immediately set up to assist victims of the attacks, with the task of providing financial assistance to the survivors of the attacks and to the families of victims. By the deadline for victim's compensation on September 11, , 2, applications had been received from the families of those who were killed.
Contingency plans for the continuity of government and the evacuation of leaders were implemented soon after the attacks. In the largest restructuring of the U. NSA commenced warrantless surveillance of telecommunications, which was sometimes criticized since it permitted the agency "to eavesdrop on telephone and e-mail communications between the United States and people overseas without a warrant".
Shortly after the attacks, President Bush made a public appearance at Washington's largest Islamic Center and acknowledged the "incredibly valuable contribution" that millions of American Muslims made to their country and called for them "to be treated with respect. There were reports of attacks on mosques and other religious buildings including the firebombing of a Hindu temple , and assaults on people, including one murder: According to an academic study, people perceived to be Middle Eastern were as likely to be victims of hate crimes as followers of Islam during this time.
The study also found a similar increase in hate crimes against people who may have been perceived as Muslims, Arabs, and others thought to be of Middle Eastern origin. Various crimes such as vandalism, arson, assault, shootings, harassment, and threats in numerous places were documented. Muslim organizations in the United States were swift to condemn the attacks and called "upon Muslim Americans to come forward with their skills and resources to help alleviate the sufferings of the affected people and their families".
Along with monetary donations, many Islamic organizations launched blood drives and provided medical assistance, food, and shelter for victims.
The attacks were denounced by mass media and governments worldwide. Across the globe, nations offered pro-American support and solidarity. Iraq was a notable exception, with an immediate official statement that, "the American cowboys are reaping the fruit of their crimes against humanity". Similar demonstrations took place in Amman , Jordan , where there is a large population of Palestinian descent. United Nations Security Council Resolution condemned the attacks, and expressed readiness to take all necessary steps to respond and combat all forms of terrorism in accordance with their Charter.
In a speech to Congress, nine days after the attacks, which Blair attended as a guest, President Bush declared "America has no truer friend than Great Britain. In the aftermath of the attacks, tens of thousands of people attempted to flee Afghanistan due to the possibility of a military retaliation by the United States. Pakistan , already home to many Afghan refugees from previous conflicts, closed its border with Afghanistan on September 17, Approximately one month after the attacks, the United States led a broad coalition of international forces to overthrow the Taliban regime from Afghanistan for their harboring of al-Qaeda.
The legitimacy of these detentions has been questioned by the European Union and human rights organizations. He also stated that "Nations should not be punished in place of terrorists. This piece of news at Radio Farda's website also states that in , on the anniversary of the attacks, United States Department of State , published a post at its blog, in which the Department thanked Iranian people for their sympathy and stated that they would never forget Iranian people's kindness on those harsh days.
The BBC and Time magazine published reports on holding candlelit vigils for the victims by Iranian citizens at their websites. In September , shortly after the attacks, Greek soccer fans burned an Israeli flag and unsuccessfully tried to burn an American flag. Though the American flag did not catch fire, the fans booed during a moment of silence for victims of the attacks.
According to notes taken by senior policy official Stephen Cambone, Rumsfeld asked for, "Best info fast. Judge whether good enough hit S. Things related and not. This marked the first invocation of Article 5, which had been written during the Cold War with an attack by the Soviet Union in mind. On September 14, , the U. Still in effect, it grants the President the authority to use all "necessary and appropriate force" against those whom he determined "planned, authorized, committed or aided" the September 11 attacks, or who harbored said persons or groups.
On October 7, , the War in Afghanistan began when U. The Philippines and Indonesia , among other nations with their own internal conflicts with Islamic terrorism , also increased their military readiness. The military forces of the United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Iran cooperated with each other to overthrow the Taliban regime which had had conflicts with the government of Iran.
Hundreds of thousands of tons of toxic debris containing more than 2, contaminants, including known carcinogens, were spread across Lower Manhattan due to the collapse of the Twin Towers.
Health effects extended to residents, students, and office workers of Lower Manhattan and nearby Chinatown. A notable children's environmental health center is currently analyzing the children whose mothers were pregnant during the WTC collapse, and were living or working nearby. Years after the attacks, legal disputes over the costs of illnesses related to the attacks were still in the court system. On October 17, , a federal judge rejected New York City's refusal to pay for health costs for rescue workers, allowing for the possibility of numerous suits against the city.
District Judge for incorrectly saying that the area was environmentally safe. The attacks had a significant economic impact on United States and world markets. The economic effects were mainly on the economy's export sectors. Also hurt were small businesses in Lower Manhattan near the World Trade Center, 18, of which were destroyed or displaced, resulting in lost jobs and their consequent wages. The September 11 attacks also led to the U. The culture of America succeeding the attacks is noted for heightened security and an increased demand thereof, as well as paranoia and anxiety regarding future terrorist attacks that includes most of the nation.
Psychologists have also confirmed that there has been an increased amount of national anxiety in commercial air travel. As a result of the attacks, many governments across the world passed legislation to combat terrorism. The first removed legal loopholes that permitted terrorists to live and raise money in Germany. The second addressed the effectiveness and communication of intelligence and law enforcement. The USA Patriot Act gave the federal government greater powers, including the authority to detain foreign terror suspects for a week without charge, to monitor telephone communications, e-mail, and Internet use by terror suspects, and to prosecute suspected terrorists without time restrictions.
The FAA ordered that airplane cockpits be reinforced to prevent terrorists gaining control of planes, and assigned sky marshals to flights. Further, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act made the federal government, rather than airports, responsible for airport security. The law created the Transportation Security Administration to inspect passengers and luggage, causing long delays and concern over passenger privacy.
At its height, more than half of the FBI's agents worked on the investigation and followed a half-million leads. Atta had been forced to check two of his three bags due to space limitations on the seat commuter flight he took to Boston. Due to a new policy instituted to prevent flight delays, the luggage failed to make it aboard American Airlines Flight 11 as planned. The luggage contained the hijackers' names, assignments, and al-Qaeda connections. By midday, the U. National Security Agency and German intelligence agencies had intercepted communications pointing to Osama bin Laden.
Intercepts were also obtained that revealed conversations that took place days before September 11 between bin Laden and an associate in Pakistan. In those conversations, the two referred to "an incident that would take place in America on, or around, September 11" and they discussed potential repercussions. In another conversation with an associate in Afghanistan , bin Laden discussed the "scale and effects of a forthcoming operation.
The FBI did not record the 2, deaths from the attacks in their annual violent crime index for In a disclaimer, the FBI stated that "the number of deaths is so great that combining it with the traditional crime statistics will have an outlier effect that falsely skews all types of measurements in the Program's analyses.
In September , the Congress passed the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act that would allow relatives of victims of the September 11 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia for its government's alleged role in the attacks. Hamilton , was formed in late to prepare a thorough account of the circumstances surrounding the attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks.
The investigations examined why the buildings collapsed and what fire protection measures were in place, and evaluated how fire protection systems might be improved in future construction.
NIST found that the fireproofing on the Twin Towers' steel infrastructures was blown off by the initial impact of the planes and that, had this not occurred, the towers likely would have remained standing.
The director of the original investigation stated that "the towers really did amazingly well. The terrorist aircraft didn't bring the buildings down; it was the fire which followed.
It was proven that you could take out two-thirds of the columns in a tower and the building would still stand. The sagging floors pulled on the exterior steel columns causing the exterior columns to bow inward.
With the damage to the core columns, the buckling exterior columns could no longer support the buildings, causing them to collapse. Additionally, the report found the towers' stairwells were not adequately reinforced to provide adequate emergency escape for people above the impact zones.
We're going to come out of this stronger than before, politically stronger, economically stronger. The skyline will be made whole again. The damaged section of the Pentagon was rebuilt and occupied within a year of the attacks.
On the World Trade Center site, three more office towers are expected to be built one block east of where the original towers stood. Construction has begun on all three of these towers. In the days immediately following the attacks, many memorials and vigils were held around the world, and photographs of the dead and missing were posted around Ground Zero. A witness described being unable to "get away from faces of innocent victims who were killed.
Their pictures are everywhere, on phone booths, street lights, walls of subway stations. Everything reminded me of a huge funeral, people quiet and sad, but also very nice.
Before, New York gave me a cold feeling; now people were reaching out to help each other. One of the first memorials was the Tribute in Light , an installation of 88 searchlights at the footprints of the World Trade Center towers. In Arlington County, The Pentagon Memorial was completed and opened to the public on the seventh anniversary of the attacks in In Shanksville, a concrete and glass visitor center was opened on September 10, ,  situated on a hill overlooking the crash site and the white marble Wall of Names.
Scholarships and charities have been established by the victims' families, and by many other organizations and private figures. On every anniversary, in New York City, the names of the victims who died there are read out against a background of somber music.
The President of the United States attends a memorial service at the Pentagon,  and asks Americans to observe Patriot Day with a moment of silence.
Smaller services are held in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, which are usually attended by the President's spouse. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from September 11, attacks. For the date September 11, see September For the date November 9, see November 9.
For the emergency number, see New York City, U. Capitol UA 93 ; failed. On tous sauf un pour des raison d'opinion publique signé un accord stipulant que chacun de ces possédais un droit de véto empêchant la divulgation d'expertise ou autre info Le 11 septembre il y a eu un énorme délit d'initié à la bourse de Paris.
C'est pas Claire Chazal qui va te la donner celle-là Jean-Jean! C un reportage sur les pompiers de New york, lâcher nous avec vos polémiques a 2 balles c pas youtube ici. N'oubliez pas qu'il y a eu un coup d'état pendant les événements et que Bush a été demi de ses fonctions quelques jours Pendant ce temps, une avalanche de lois liberticides sont passés aux US Si seulement il n'y avait que ces doutes là Ce documentaire ne change en rien les faits, libre à chacun d'avaler tout ce qu'on vous dit.
Celà ne changera jamais les faits, mais beaucoup de questions sans réponses: La 3e tour du WTC qui s'effondre sans raison reelle, un passeport format papier retrouvé alors que les boites noires ont disparues et les 2 seules retrouvées les données n'ont pas été intégralement été dévoiléees, l'explication farfelue sur le trou trop petit du pentagoen avec aucun débris et la disparition des réacteurs J'ai regardé les documlentaires sur le 11 septembre.
Je n'ai pas vu celui des freres Naudet. S'il y est deja , signalez moi en doublon et je l'enleverrai. Page générée en 0.